Proofs of God’s Esixtence
By Sean Martin
What are some proofs for God’s existence?
Many philosophers and theologians throughout the centuries have come up with various arguments for God’s existence. St. Thomas Aquinas is famous for his five proofs for God’s existence which can be found in the Summa Theologica part I question 2 article 3. Many people have simplified them in syllogisms, logical and easy to understand arguments.
The second proof is an argument from the nature of the efficient cause of things. In the world we find an order of causes. All causes are caused by another. It is not possible to have an infinite regress of causes. There must be a first cause of everything. This uncaused cause we call God.
The third proof is argued from the realm of possibility and necessity. In the world we see contingent beings. If everything is contingent, then there would be a time where nothing would have been in existence, and there would be nothing in existence now. But we know that is not true, therefore there is a necessary being that is not contingent upon another being. That necessary being we call God.
The fourth proof is an argument of maximum greatness of something. Some things are more and some things are less. Whatever is more of something it receives its fullness from the thing that is the greatest, such as fire being the greatest heat. There is a maximum greatest being that is the source of all perfection. This perfect great being we call God.
The fifth proof is argued from the governance of the world. There are things in the world which lack intelligence for an end, such as the arrow shot to its mark by the archer. Things that act for an end must be directed by a being with intelligence and knowledge. There must be an intelligent being that directs all natural things to their end. This intelligent being we call God.
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